NSFW: The 6 Robert Mapplethorpe Photos That Almost Broke the Obscenity Laws
Right from the get-go, Robert Mapplethorpe's photography was always ripely provocative, but the following six images were so explicit, they were almost downright criminal. A new HBO documentary, Robert Mapplethorpe: Look at the Pictures, takes an uncensored look at the iconic artist's life and career. Our friends at HBO invited us to watch a special screening of this documentary at the Castro Theater last week, where our fascination with Mapplethorpe was reignited. From his ambitious beginnings on Bond Street to becoming the art-world's premier enfant terrible, Robert Mapplethorpe pushed all boundaries to give us jaw-dropping works of art up until his dying day.
In 1989, just months after the artist's untimely death, Robert Mapplethorpe's touring exhibit The Perfect Moment stirred the biggest nationwide controversy. The exhibit, sponsored by the National Endowment for the Arts, featured never-before-seen images from Mapplethorpe's BDSM-inspired X Portfolio. The portfolio's photos depicting fisting, piss play and a very-transgressive self-portrait were deemed obscene, which meant that displaying them in public was actually against the law.
In an effort to promote censorship, conservative lawmakers at the time strongly believed that government funding should not go towards art institutions that hosted the exhibit, including D.C.'s Corcoran Gallery of Art and Cincinnati's Contemporary Arts Center. Facing mounting pressure, the Corcoran Gallery canceled the exhibit, but the CAC stuck to its guns and was taken to court for breaking obscenity laws. According to The New York Times, it was "the first criminal trial of an art museum arising from the contents of an exhibition."
In court, art experts testified that even Mapplethorpe's most explicit images had serious artistic value, and were therefore not pornographic nor obscene. The jury agreed, siding with the art institution exercising its freedom of speech in display such images. Out of the 175 photos in The Perfect Moment, only six of them were brought into question as being obscene. Here they are in all their uncensored glory.
If you want to see these images on the big screen, Robert Mapplethorpe: Look at the Pictures premieres on HBO on April 4.
Robert Mapplethorpe Self-Portrait
With this defiant, bullwhip-wielding self-portrait, Mapplethorpe is fearlessly objectifying himself.
Jim and Tom, Sausalito
Mapplethorpe's ode to the infamously naughty gay BDSD underground of the 70's.
Mapplethorpe believed that art was all about opening ourselves up. Clearly.
Clench your pearls.
Not particularly provocative until you learn that the mouth tube was typically connected to another man's enema.
Helmut and Brooks, NYC
Jacquelynn Baas, director of the University Art Museum at the University of California at Berkeley, testified during the trial that this image was art because of the tension between the beautiful quality of the photograph and the "brutal nature of what's going on in it."